Income tax is a mandatory return to be filed by every taxpayer once in a year and here we will gain some of the basic as well as important insight into the Income tax-related question with the help of relevant frequently asked questions on income tax returns. We will go through the FAQs with easy and meaningful understanding over each question which will further make the viewers get all the details on the tax-related compliance followed by the taxpayer.
Q.1 What is the Meaning of Income Tax Return?
An Income Tax Return (ITR) is a statutory form in a specified format with the particulars of annual income earned and tax liabilities paid on it by a person in a financial year. In short, an ITR is a reporting, of income & tax liabilities, by a person to the income tax department. Different Income tax return Forms have been prescribed for different kinds of income and its status which means depending on the nature & status of the income, a taxpayer chooses as to which ITR form he needs to download and file. The form is available for download on the www.incometaxindia.gov.in
Q.2 What are the Different Ways of Filing an ITR?
The different ways of filing an ITR are as follows:
- Furnishing a paper return
- Furnishing an electronic return with digital signature
- Electronically furnishing/transmitting the data in the return with EVC (Electronic Verification Code)
- Electronically furnishing/transmitting the data in the return followed by submission of return verification in Form ITR-V.
It is to be noted that if the taxpayer if filing the returns in the way in point (iv) without digital signature, then he shall have to take two printed copies of Form ITR-V. One copy of ITR-V will need to be duly signed by the taxpayer, and sent to “Income-tax Department – CPC, Post Bag No. 1, Electronic City Post Office, Bangalore-560100 (Karnataka) within the specified time-frame i.e. 120 days) through an ordinary post or speed post. Another copy shall be retained by the taxpayer and kept for the record.
Q.3 What are the Ways to File an Income Tax Returns Online?
Income Tax Return can be e-filed online with the income tax software provided by the Central Board of Direct Taxes. This is a Java-based secure software which is available for free. ITR can also be e-filed using paid software of the third party like SAG Infotech, Karvy; which are experts in taxation & accounting software development. This software is government-certified and is capable of performing all the operations executed by the Government utility such as auto calculating the Income Tax as per the prevailing tax rate, uploading the ITR on the official website of Income Tax department and so on.
Q.4 How an Excess Tax Paid by a Taxpayer is Refunded?
Taxpayer can claim the excess tax as refund by filing an ITR. Income Tax department refunds the excess tax to the taxpayer by crediting the amount in the taxpayer’s bank account via ECS transfer
Q.5 What are the Advantages of Filing an ITR?
Filing of return is a statutory obligation which should be duly executed as it not only keeps in good books of government but also makes you a contributor in the national development. Besides, an income-tax return act as evidence of your creditworthiness before banks and other financial institutions and so facilitates you with easy availing of loans. It also helps you carry forward the losses and claim the tax return when an excess tax has been paid.
Q.6 What are the Steps to Electronically File an Income Tax Return?
An Income Tax Return can be filed electronically on the e-filing portal developed by Income-tax Department for the easy & glitch-free e-filing of ITRs. The taxpayers can e-file an ITR by logging www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in. Besides, third-party software like Gen IT software for filing of ITR you can also use.
Steps to e-file an ITR
- Log on to the portal (www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in).
- Download the relevant ITR form.
- Enter details from Form 16.
- Compute all appropriate tax details such as tax payable, pay tax etc.
- Confirm the furnished details and submit the return.
- Digital sign the file.
- Receive confirmation from ITR verification
- E-verify your Return through Demat account number, Bank account number, etc.
Q.7 Do We Need to Attach any Documents with the Income Tax Return?
No, a taxpayer need not attach any documents such as TDS certificates, investment proof, etc with the Income Tax Return whether e-filed or filed manually. However, such documents should be kept safely by the taxpayer, so that it can be presented readily before the tax authorities whenever needed under circumstances of inquiry, assessment, etc.
At the same time, it should be noted that the taxpayers who needs to file an audit report u/s 10(23C)(iv), 10(23C)(v), 10(23C)(vi), 10(23C)via), 10A, 10AA, 12A(1)(b), 44AB, 44DA, 50B, 80-IA, 80-IB, 80-IC, 80-ID, 80JJAA, 80LA, 92E, 115JB or 115VW or to give a notice u/s 11(2)(a) shall e-file such audit reports or notice on or before the deadline of filing the ITR.
Q.8 What is e-filing Utility Provided by the Income-tax Department?
A free e-filing utility has been provided by the Income-tax Department. The software is in Java & excel and facilitates easy & online filling and filing of ITR. The e-filing utility provided by Department is easy, user-friendly and also displays instructions on how to use it. The utility is available for free download on the website – www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in
Q.9 Is it Mandatory to File an Income Tax Return?
Yes, filing an ITR is mandatory. Government of India (GOI) has made the e-filing of income tax returns (ITR) mandatory for all the assesses who are earning an annual Income above INR 5 Lakhs.
Read Also: Free Download Demo of Income Tax Return Filing Software
Q.10 What are the Advantages of Income Tax Return Filing?
ITR reflects the taxes paid by an assessee on his annual income in a given FY. In some cases, when the tax paid by the assessee exceeds his actual tax liability then he shall become eligible for tax refunds claims which can be availed only when you are an ITR filer. Many other advantages of filing tax returns are:
- Easy loan approval
- Bolster your creditworthiness for future loans
- Easy availment of Presumptive Taxation Scheme
- Refund of excess taxes paid
- Carry forward of Losses
- Depreciation claim
- Defends from prosecution, interest, penalties & embarrassments.
- Convenient Foreign VISA Stamping
Q.11 How is e-filing Different from E-payment?
E-payment refers to the process of electronic payment of tax like payment through net banking or using banks’s debit/credit card. Whereas e-filing refers to the process of electronically or online furnishing of Income Tax Return. A taxpayer may integrate the two processes and execute his tax-related liabilities easily and rapidly.
Q.12 What are the Advantages of Filing an ITR Electronically?
Advantages of e-filing are: It is less time consuming, cost-effective and effortless. On can file an ITR online from anywhere at anytime easily and quickly. The returns filed online are processed must faster than those filed manually.
Q.13 Do I Need to File an ITR for a FY in which I have not Generated Any Income?
Yes, you need to file an ITR before the due dates if you have incurred any loss in a financial year and you want to carry forward it to the subsequent year for its adjustment against the income of the subsequent year(s).
Q.14 Can a Return be Revised if I Find any Mistakes Later in the ITR Filed by Me?
A return can be revised and a Revised return can be e- filed u/s 139(5) if an assessee encounters any fault, omission or any incorrect statement in the return already furnished by him.
Note: If the return is filed manually or in paper format initially, then it cannot be revised electronically or in online mode.
Q.15 What is the Time Limit within Which an ITR Can be Revised?
An ITR can be revised within prescribed time limit i.e. before the end of the Assessment Year
before the completion of the assessment; whichever is earlier.
Q.16 How can We Check the Status of Our Income Tax Return?
The status of the income tax return can be checked easily in two easy ways. First is by using acknowledgement number without login credentials and second is with login credentials.Steps to be Followed in the Former Method
- Step1. Click on “Check the ITR Status” which is present on the extreme left of the homepage of the e-filing website under the services tab.
- Step2. Make sure you are redirected to a new page
- Step3. Fill your PAN number, ITR acknowledgement number and the captcha code.
- Step4. Click “Submit”.
Steps to be followed in the former method
- Step1. Login to the e-filing website.
- Step 2. Click the option “View Returns / Forms” present on the dashboard.e
- Step 3. Select income tax returns and assessment year from the dropdown menu and submit.
Now, the status of your ITR will be displayed on the screen whether it is just verified or it has been processed.